An image of a wheelchair engraved on a stone dated as early as 5000 years ago was found in China yet the treatment of the disabled in China is unsatisfactory, to say the least. Being Chinese and disabled is hard and in many cases life-ending. Government and public employees that are injured in an accident are supported by the state and accident victims may be compensated at best by the owners of the offender according to his or her abilities. If lucky some receive support from family members but when there is none, the severely disabled will either struggle by themselves or end their own lives.
If it wasn’t for some adjustments made prior to the Beijing Olympic Games 2008, a sightseeing tour was completely impossible for people using wheelchairs. However, many accessible adjustments that were made during the Olympics have been removed and the rest of the country remains not wheelchair friendly. An American citizen can go to Beijing without a Visa for 72 hours only on the condition that he provides an exact itinerary and he can stay only in Beijing. If he wishes to go someplace else or to stay more than 72 hours he needs to have a Visa.
It takes not only a visa to travel to China in a wheelchair but more importantly motivation and a positive attitude to conquer the obstacles that await. In China, not only are there no wheelchair ramps but the majority of the time entrances to buildings have an elevated wooden beam, which is a traditional design element to block evil spirits. However, it also creates a barricade for people who use wheelchairs. Wheelchair users are not commonly seen about and about, so when traveling to China expect to see many curious onlookers, which are often not discreet. Most restaurants, shops, and tourist sites are not wheelchair accessible so participants must be flexible and courageous to make it work.
Attractions and Activities in China (Sample Itinerary)
The most popular cities to tour are Beijing, Shanghai, Xian, and Guilin as well as places like Yangshou, Longsheng, Shuzo, and more. Flights commonly enter Hong Kong.
Day 1: In Guilin enjoy a magnificent cruise on the “four lakes” of Guilin, watching the traditional shows along the banks combined with the sight of recently built “old style pagodas” and the special bridges along the route. Then take a short walk along the famous pedestrian zhengyang of Guilin introducing the Chinese souvenirs market and bargaining traditions.
Day 2: About 2 hours away driving is a place called Longsheng to observe spectacular rice terraces while stopping in the Yao village, swaying short rope bridge crossing, and watching a show by Yao women.
Day 3: Take a Guilin panoramic city tour. Visiting the Pearls Museum, followed by a visit to the Silk manufacturing factory, take a walk to the banyan tree near the lake whangcheng and the gate of the old city wall. Driving over a whangcheng bridge, viewing the rock elephant trunk, and headed to Yangshou. Over here is a unique experience of a trip to the nearby village by rickshaws. Then perhaps dinner in yangshou, followed by the “Impression” show which combined traditional Chinese mythology with a modern setup.
Day 4: Flight to Xian, the capital city of China for hundreds of years before Beijing. Visit the excavations site of the graves of the Han Dynasty.
Day 5: Do a short visit to the ancient city wall. This wall is China’s oldest preserved to this day, and there is an excavation site where the famous terra cotta soldiers were found while visiting all three peers. Back in the city, stroll around the Muslim quarter market and practice bargaining skills. Dim Sam dinner and colorful Tang dance performances is a nice way to end the day.
Day 6: Flight to Shanghai and viewing of architecture and lighting, including the bridge to the expo and colonial buildings. Have dinner and a tour of the famous pedestrian 119 Street.
Day 7: Visit the Municipal Museum. Take a walk during the day at 119 Street and to a Mongolian restaurant meal. Later view the city from the observatory on top of the Jin Mao. From there, go to an acrobatic performance. End by taking a cruise on the river, watching the city from this special angle of view.
Day 8: Travel to the Jewish district and visit the museum and the local synagogue. Stroll along the Bund Promenade, looking across the city in the daylight compared with the previous day’s night and an interesting perspective of the TV tower and buildings Expo 2005. Take a short drive to the Old City and stroll through the alleys. Off street Nangin 580 is filled with markets.
Day 9: Heading towards the city of Sozhou. Here visit a local house of farmers raising crabs having a chance to travel along the road and watch the scenic village and fields. Then visit a classic Chinese garden which is by itself part of Chinese artwork. The local market is adjacent to the garden.
Day 10: Taking the bullet train from Shanghai to Beijing. The train travels at about 300 Km/Hr and it takes about 6 hours for the trip. A meal with a glimpse of one of Beijing’s famous markets, the “silk market,” where you can find everything at ridiculous prices. Do not be mistaken, all the products there are fake but it is very tempting! Then to the biggest TV screen in the world and spend the rest of the night at a nearby jazz club.
About Wheelchair Sizes, Shapes and Types:
- Maximum wheelchair dimensions are 63cm (width) by 90cm (length), and 7.5cm is the minimum distance from the ground. This is because the most door to public transportation does not exceed this. If there is a vehicle anchor bolt it must be dismantled. All other battery charges such as cell phone or a laptop preferably also 220 volts (each room is also a 110-volt socket with questionable reliability). On occasion, a wheelchair-using participant will need to pee at a remote location where there are no modern toilets. When this happens the tour leader will provide a shelter to enable go to the bathroom into some kind of cup or jar.
- Power Wheelchairs: Motorized chairs must be able to travel without recharging for at least 4mi. The battery’s connection cable must be easily accessible and have quick connect/disconnect. The electrical voltage is 220 volts (the US is 110v), therefore a participant needs to prepare. The best idea is to get an adapter. At most hotels, you may find a 110 volts socket, adapted to an American plug in the bathroom. This is good for an electrical shaving machine or to charge a cell phone but it is not suite for charging the batteries of a power wheelchair.
- Manual Wheelchairs: There is a fee for those that use manual wheelchairs and need an assistant with pushing. This will be needed in sporadic cases e.g. Tiananmen and the Forbidden City require traveling about 1km. The maximum body weight for participants traveling in a manual wheelchair by himself or herself should not exceed 90 kg. If more than 90 kg then the participant needs to provide his or her own escort.
Airport Wheelchair Details
- Gel batteries are the only batteries excepted in China and one must have documentation. Chairs with battery acid/fluid are illegible for flights and will not be uploaded on the plane. Batteries should be disconnected for each flight. Chinese rules and regulations regarding domestic flights allow only one disabled person with an escort on each flight. In order to bypass this restriction, the additional wheelchair-using passengers will have to sign a responsibility waiver disclaimer.
- Security checks at airports in China also for the disabled confined to a chair can be very unpleasant. One should overcome this with humor. Flights departing Beijing are famous for the severe test. Luggage at airports is x-rayed. All metal parts, cosmetic preparations, water bottles, magnets, scissors of all sizes, nail files, etc. should fit into checked luggage. Lighters are completely forbidden. Chinese authorities do not compromise on that and “violating objects” are confiscated and discarded. Truckloads of cell phones and laptops, and batteries of different types should disassemble and fit into suitcases.
- For guests from the states, the best and cheapest way to go to China is to have a flight to Shanghai. There are many direct flights from New York and Los Angeles to shanghai. Flights to Beijing and or Hong Kong take much longer, are more expensive and there are almost no direct flights to those destinations.
Transportation around China
Transportation may be the biggest obstacle for people in wheelchairs in China. Suitable buses that are equipped with ramps are numerous, owned by the government, and scarcely available for private use. Ramps into buses or private vehicles are very steep so assistance is almost always needed. In Hong Kong, there are only two buses available equipped to serve up to five disabled persons with non-folding wheelchairs. Shanghai has only one such bus. In any case, these buses have limited space inside, not suitable for non-folding wheelchairs chairs. In other words, you need to be able to transfer.
The Bullet Train is very wheelchair accessible with elevators and a level platform to get onto the train. Sometimes trains are not 100% accessible but you can make it work. Chinese regulations do not require safety belts on the cars and do not have any available–bring your own if needed.
Wheelchair accessible hotel rooms are rare and below many developed countries’ standards. Not every hotel in China is wheelchair accessible. The “problem” is that there are only two rooms for the disabled in each hotel, which is true almost all over China. These rooms are big enough to have two electrical wheelchairs and sometimes will have an additional bed. In most cases, the bed is a double bed (unlike a twin room) and one has to cope with that. The standard rooms at the hotel that we chose have a door that enables a wheelchair to go through but not necessarily to the bathroom.
- At check-in, it is common for a hotel to ask for your passport and sometimes it is returned the following day
- Money can be exchanged at hotels but not always returned within 24hs
- In some places, the room air conditioner is interrupted at night and/or changed to a uniform temperature
- Damages in the hotel rooms and mutilation of bedding and towels (staining) are chargeable at a hotel rate
- Breakfasts consist of a rich mix of Western and Chinese items
- Some hotels will provide a complimentary bottle of water per day but other than that food and beverage items in rooms are charged
- Laundry services are available at most hotels
Food & Beverage
Hotels are the most accessible places to get food but this is certainly not always the case. Entering most restaurants is a challenge because of a traditional one-step barrier 15cm high. Authentic food in China is delicious and fresh but is very different from food in America so one needs to have an open pallet. High-quality restaurants will be selected If you tour with OFEK Travel Tour but in most places, travelers will be able to find McDonald’s and KFC, and sometimes Starbucks as well. If a picky eater then perhaps bring items like canned tuna, crackers, and instant noodles from home. Do not eat the food on the streets. The western stomach is usually not strong enough to digest it and with the poor availability of suitable toilets, it might become quite a disturbance.
The menu is fixed and there are almost no flexibilities. Some places serve food in buffet style with a variety of dishes and some traditional Chinese food like dim-Sum. At most restaurants quantities are smaller and the food is served on a rotating serving platter with eight dishes that people have to coordinate and share. Food includes soups, like corn soup or similar. Sticky white rice is unlimited. Seasoned Chicken and or pork slices are common along with steamed cabbage and some vegetables. Sometimes fish and shrimp are available. Don’t plan on seeing French fries but instead, lots and lots of noodles, found almost everywhere, including at convenience stores in which you prepare it yourself with hot water.
Hot water can be found almost anywhere. Soft drinks are available for purchase in restaurants and convenience markets. Do not drink tap water in China! You can get very cheap bottles of water everywhere. Those are not “mineral water” but are drinkable. In most cases, the driver has water bottles that you can buy at a very low price
One of the biggest challenges to traveling to China in a wheelchair is the toilets. A few popular places, like the Great Wall, the sacred way, the Forbidden City, and more will have better luck. The Chinese are custom squatting over toilets so toilets with seats are rare. Even at restaurants most of the time seats are not accessible. Do not expect to find accessible restrooms in American chain fast food restaurants, like McDonald’s. There is no way around it, such obstacles make a wheelchair journey to China a challenge indeed, so it is recommended to bring dispensable cups to use in case of emergency.